Electric vehicles (EVs) are revolutionizing transportation for the general population. As with any new technology, consumers must learn about the features to comfortably integrate the technology into their everyday lives. The issue of charging electric cars has been met with some perplexity, as people discover there are different types of charging equipment. If you have questions about how EV technology and charging work, here are some facts to help clarify.
EV Charging Basics
Electric vehicles recharge via a charging device, which is a special type of box and cable that connects it to a power source. The actual charging mechanism is in the car itself. The charging device senses when the vehicle is plugged in and ready for a charge. When the connection is separated, the flow of electricity is stopped.
- Level 1 – You can charge your EV with a standard outlet. This is called Level 1 charging. It takes a little longer than Level 2 or 3, but it’s also economical, because it doesn’t require buying additional equipment. Plus, if you’re charging at home, your car is usually parked overnight anyway. For convenience, make sure the outlet is accessible from the location where you will park your vehicle.
- Level 2 – Level 2 chargers are 240 volt, similar to electric dryers and ovens. These chargers must be installed by a professional, but will allow you to charge your EV approximately three to five times faster than Level 1. Level 2 chargers are safe and reliable but require an investment. If you are thinking about purchasing an EV or already have one and are considering purchasing a Level 2 Charger, think about how much you drive on a daily basis and the amount of time you will be able to charge at home.
- Level 3 – Level 3 charging stations (DC Fast Chargers) require 3-phase power. These units are used as public charging stations. Because they require 3-phase power, they are not for home use. Level 3 charging stations can recharge an EV very quickly but are not compatible with all types of vehicles. Do your research to know which vehicles are compatible with DC Fast Chargers and which are not.
Although the changeover to electric vehicles may seem intimidating and overwhelming, the new technology can be integrated into your daily life without radical changes to your behavior or home setup. Just be sure you understand the number of miles you drive on a regular basis and the various levels of charging. You will find an EV solution that works for you.
For more information on electric vehicles, visit www.evolvewithliberty.com.